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Is ablution mandatory before touching the Quran?

By: admin

                                                                           Question

I would like to inquire that with out ablution someone can touch the Quran CD? and if you recite the Quran from computer screen, the ablution is necessary?

 Answer:

Thank you for your query. The basic premise of your question seems to rest on the assumption that one can not touch the Qur’an without ablution. We copy below three different Q&As on this topic.  We hope that would answer your query but if you would like any further clarification, please do not hesitate to write back and we would ask one of our scholars for a response.

 Best Wishes

UIUK  Team

22nd of June 2010


Question 1

Question:

Can a person touch the Holly Qur’an who satisfies all the conditions of ‘Taharat’ but is without ablution (wudhu)?

I am trying to become a ‘Hafiz1‘ of the Holly Qur’an so in order to practice more frequently I want to know that “Is there any flexibility regarding the above question according to Qur’an and the Sunnah?”

With best regards


Answer:

Being in a state of ablution is not a necessary condition to touch the Qur’an. If Allah and His Prophet (pbuh) has not made it a necessary condition to touch the Qur’an, then no one else has the authority to do so. A person may, as a show of his reverence toward the book, of his own will, perform ablution before touching the book. Nevertheless, ablution for this purpose cannot be termed as ‘obligatory’2.

UIUK team
24th February 2000

[1] Generally used for a person, who has memorized the complete Qur’an.

[2] It may, however, be added that being in a state of ablution, though not a requirement of the Shari`ah, is an etiquette of our (Muslim’s) interactions with the book of God.


Question 2

Question/Comments:

In the Qur’an, Allah says, what translates to:

“That this is indeed a Qur’an, most honorable; in a Book well-guarded; which none shall touch except for those who are clean.” (Waqi’ah 56:77-79)

It wouldn’t make sense for someone to touch the Holy Kalaam (Word) of Allah, Most High, without ablution. In my opinion, anyone who does, is disrespecting the Holy Qur’an and is following his/her own desires. Please correct me if I’m wrong… Insha Allah

Answer
The referred verses are actually an answer to one of the common objections of the Arabs regarding the Qur’an. In view of the quality of the Qur’anic language and presentation, the rejecters would sometimes say that Muhammad (pbuh) was taught the Qur’an by Jinn. It is, in fact, in response to such objections that the Qur’an has declared that if the Jinn even come close to the path through which the angels bring down the Qur’an, they are then stoned by fiery comets1. The referred verses, with a couple of their preceding verses translate as:

No [this is not inspired by the devils among Jinn]. I call to witness the places where the stars fall – and it is indeed a great testimony, had you only known – this is indeed a most honorable Qur’an; in a book, well guarded. No one touches it except the most cleansed [angels]. [It is] a revelation from the Lord of the worlds. (Al-Waaqi`ah 56: 75 – 80)

If seen in the right context, the verses relate to the revelation of the Qur’an, rather than man’s reading it. In our opinion, therefore, any directive regarding touching the Qur’an with or without ablution, cannot be derived from these verses. However, as it has been stated in a previous response, a person may, as a show of his reverence toward the book, of his own will, perform ablution before touching the book. Nevertheless, ablution for this purpose cannot be termed as ‘obligatory’.

May Allah guide us all to the right path

UIUK team
March 10, 2001

[1] This is mentioned at a number of instances in the Qur’an, for instance see Al-Jinn 72: 8 – 9.


Question 3

Question/Comments:

Assalamu Alaikum. Can you please justify your reply that it’s not obligatory to be in wudu to touch the Qur’an? What about the Hadith that refers to the letter from Prophet Mohammad (Sallullahi Alaihis Sallam) to Amar bin Hazm the governor of Yemen.

Regards,

Answer:

In the referred letter of the Prophet (pbuh) addressed to Amr ibn Hazam (ra), as reported by Imam Maalik, the reported words of the Prophet (pbuh) do not prescribe Wudu as a necessary condition or an obligation for touching the Qur’an. The reported words of the Prophet (pbuh), on the contrary, direct that a person should touch the Qur’an, while he is in a state of cleanness. In other words, the reported words of the Prophet (pbuh) direct people to refrain from touching the Qur’an, while in a state of uncleanness.

Furthermore, Imam Maalik, in his comment on the narrative writes that it is not recommended that the Qur’an be touched, while a person is in a state of uncleanness. This clearly implies that even Imam Maalik does not consider the directive entailed in the narrative as ‘obligatory’. On the contrary, the directive is interpreted as a ‘recommendation’.

Hope this helps.

Regards,

UIUK team

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